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- Beachport, 10 May 1897
- Warooka, 19 September 1902
- Adelaide, 1 March 1954
- Marryat Creek, 30 March 1986
- Mt Barker, 16 April 2010
The Warooka earthquake caused severe damage on Yorke Peninsula particularly at Warooka, but also at Yankalilla and other nearby places. There was widespread but not great damage around Adelaide.
It was originally thought that the epicentre was at Warooka, but more recent work suggests that it was in St Vincent Gulf.
There was no tsunami or liquefaction reported, but this event did cause at least two deaths, the first known deaths from an earthquake in Australia. There were a number of aftershocks.
This is the most infamous earthquake in South Australia. Occurring in the early hours of the morning, it woke most people across the metropolitan area.
A few buildings in the Darlington area were demolished. Widespread cracking was reported, however it is thought that many cases were pre-existing cracking from soil problems. The insurance payout was about 3 million pounds.
There were many reports of lights in the sky before the event.
No surface rupture was found. It is thought that the earthquake happened on the Eden-Burnside fault at a fairly shallow depth. There was only one tiny aftershock.
This earthquake occurred in the far north of the state, just south of the Northern Territory border. It is the first earthquake in South Australia since 1837 where we can match a surface rupture with an earthquake report. The rupture was a boomerang shape, pointing NE, and about 14kms long. The maximum movement was about 0.8m in the E-W direction and 0.6m in the vertical direction.
Mt Barker, 16 April 2010, 11:27pm ACST
Epicentre: Between Mount Barker and Wistow. Latitude: -35.099°, Longitude: 138.866°
Focus: About 25 km deep
The earthquake was felt over the whole metropolitan area, mostly with reports of Modified Mercalli Intensities 3 to 4. Many people were woken with numerous felt reports up to 50 km from the epicentre. Isolated felt reports were received up to 95 km. The immediate public response was so great that the local ABC office was reopened to broadcast live on the event.
No foreshocks or aftershocks were recorded.
Epicentre: Slightly south of Belair with an uncertainty of 1.5 km
Focus: About 10 km deep with an uncertainty of 1.5 km
The earthquake was noticed widely across the metropolitan area, but only weakly, and for a very short time. Mostly people heard it rather than felt it. Those close to the epicentre reported more of an explosion, bang or thump, while those further away usually reported the sound of a truck.
Epicentre: Approximately 27 km south of Yunta and a similar distance from Nackara.
Depth: Uncertain as there are no seismographs near the area
The earthquake was widely felt across the state. Given the low population density around the area of the epicentre there were very few people who felt strong vibrations, but it was felt as far away as Gawler and Tailem Bend.
A number of aftershocks were recorded following this event.
Epicentre: Hawthorndene-Belair area with uncertainty of 2 km
Focus: About 10 km deep with an uncertainty of 2 km
The earthquake was noticed by a few people, mostly in the Hills area. It was a very weak vibration, and very short. Geoscience Australia received 15 felt reports which can be seen on the map below.
The earthquake focus and focal mechanism were calculated using seismograms from private stations (7), seismographs in schools (1), DSTO (1), Geoscience Australia (2) and Geological Survey of South Australia (9) stations.
This earthquake is very close to the same position and depth as the Belair earthquake on 6 January 2014.
Epicentre: About 3 km South of Kersbrook with uncertainty of 2 km
Focus: About 23 km with uncertainty of 3 km
The earthquake was noticed, but only by very few people.
The earthquake focus was deeper than most events in the region.
Seismograms were recorded by private stations(6), seismographs in schools (1), Geoscience Australia (1) and Geological Survey of SA (9) stations. This enabled the calculation of a focal mechanism, which showed roughly east-west compression.
Kangaroo Island, 19 June 2016, 11.24 am (ACST)
This is one of the largest earthquakes to occur near Kangaroo Island in more than 50 years. It occurred a few kilometres out to sea on the western end of the island.
The earthquake has been widely felt right across Kangaroo Island, and also Port Lincoln, Yorke Peninsula, Victor Harbor and some suburbs of Adelaide. An earthquake this size maybe felt weakly up to about 200 km away, but damaging vibrations are limited to about 20 km.
For more information, contact:
Senior Geophysicist Seismologist
+61 8 8463 3177